Kategorie: 20. Jahrhundert

Conference: “The China Experience and the Making of Sinology”

The China Experience and the Making of Sinology: Western Scholars Sojourning in China (from the late 19th century to the first half of the 20th century) Conference organized by the ERCCS in collaboration with Beijing Foreign Studies University/School of History Date: September 20-21, 2019 Venue: Beijing Foreign Studies University Sinology as an academic discipline or a delimited research field has a rather short history. Apart from a few more or less exceptional professorships in the early 19th century, it is only from around the […]

Parlamentarierinnen in der Weimarer Nationalversammlung 1919 – Porträts in 280 Zeichen, Buchstaben T-Z sowie Nachrückerinnen

Vierter Teil der Dokumentation der von Birte Förster und Hedwig Richter im Februar und März 2019 geposteten Tweets zu den weiblichen Abgeordneten in der Weimarer…

The Nuremberg Trials Project: Providing History for All

The GHI benefits tremendously from the help of its many talented interns. The following post was written by GHDI project intern Isabella Auerbach, a student at the University of Pennsylvania, who is majoring in European history. — Editorial note, Href The Nuremberg Trials Project, an ongoing digitization effort by the Harvard Law School Library (HLSL), is an open-access initiative aimed at transporting the documents relating to the 1945 to 1949 tribunals to an online platform. The project, first conceived in the late 1990s, features a highly … Continue reading The Nuremberg Trials Project: Providing History for All

Suggestion de jeudi : La paléographie allemande des XIXe et XXe siècles

par Hanna Losfeld La connaissance de la paléographie allemande est une condition préalable pour comprendre, analyser et interpréter les sources historiques en langue allemande. Pour les historiens francophones, les généalogistes, les étudiants et tous ceux qui y sont intéressés, il … Weiterlesen

Consumer Engineering and the Rise of Marketing Knowledge, 1920s–1970s

Marketing knowledge—information and analysis concerning markets, consumers, and their behavior—became a crucial asset for businesses and governments during the twentieth century. In 1971, the German-American market researcher Alfred Politz drafted a memoir of his time in marketing research titled “How to Produce Consumers—Methods and Illusions.” Over the course of his career, from the 1930s to … Continue reading Consumer Engineering and the Rise of Marketing Knowledge, 1920s–1970s

Some Remarks on the 1923 “Controversy Over Science and Metaphysics”

by Joseph Ciaudo (University of Heidelberg) Controversies are often seen as important events that contribute to the march of intellectual history. Some can even be considered historical landmarks. The controversy over science and metaphysics that took place in China in 1923 is no exception. It had a lasting impact on the Chinese intellectual scene of the twentieth century. But what happens if, instead of thinking of ideas confronting each other in a mental realm, we regard this debate as one of concrete people speaking […]

The Politics of Measurement: Knowledge about Economic Inequality in the United Kingdom and Beyond since 1945

If you had a conversation about the growing gap between rich and poor almost anywhere in today’s world, you would very likely refer to “the top one percent,” a phrase that evokes the skyrocketing wealth of the superrich. A similar conversation in West Germany in the 1970s or 1980s would have revolved around the latest … Continue reading The Politics of Measurement: Knowledge about Economic Inequality in the United Kingdom and Beyond since 1945

Knowledge about Democratic Silence: Political Science and the Rise of Electoral Abstention in Postwar Switzerland (1945–1989)

In recent decades, a diagnosis of democratic crisis or even of a post-democratic condition has emerged in public debate in many Western states. The rise of electoral abstention, particularly since the 1970s and 1980s, often serves as statistical evidence for this assessment.1 Yet what exactly can abstention tell us about the state of democracy? My … Continue reading Knowledge about Democratic Silence: Political Science and the Rise of Electoral Abstention in Postwar Switzerland (1945–1989)

Queer Ancestry as a Problem of Knowledge in Early 20th-Century Germany

Frederick the Great (1712–1786) was not a homosexual. Or so claimed the German physician and amateur medical historian Gaston Vorberg in 1921. Scurrilous rumors about the sexual desires of the legendary Prussian monarch had circulated ever since the eighteenth century. Vorberg sought to debunk them using the tools of critical scholarship and source analysis. In … Continue reading Queer Ancestry as a Problem of Knowledge in Early 20th-Century Germany

Hygiene Propaganda and Theatrical Biopolitics in the Soviet Union in the 1920s–40s

The Bolshevik Revolution strove to create a “new man,” a morally and psychologically superior human being. This new man required a complete physical and mental renewal, including, among other measures, the hygienic literacy of the masses. A wide range of media were employed for the Revolution’s ends, including not only various forms of print but … Continue reading Hygiene Propaganda and Theatrical Biopolitics in the Soviet Union in the 1920s–40s

Education for a Free Society? Ancient Knowledge, Universities, and the Neoliberal Disorder

Often remembered as a critique of Keynesian economics, Friedrich Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom (1944) contained two other important assertions about the future of liberalism. Buried in the thirteenth chapter—”The Totalitarians in Our Midst”—of Hayek’s bestseller was a discussion of the fundamental relationship between knowledge and liberalism. Hayek posited there that the humanities represented the … Continue reading Education for a Free Society? Ancient Knowledge, Universities, and the Neoliberal Disorder